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e-book Introduction to Comparative Effectiveness and Evidence Based Medicine: A Beginners Guide

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For example, if it is the number of pregnant women attending antenatal care, then how many visits do they need to attend? What if they only attend some visits? The outcome needs to be measured the same way every time. If you are comparing the cost effectiveness for two activities then you need to measure the outcome in question for both activities. Say you want to compare one-on-one outreach with mass SMS messages.

introduction to comparative effectiveness and evidence based medicine a beginners guide Manual

For example, 25 women out of a group of Then you would need a second group of pregnant women who receive one-on-one outreach visits. That means the one-on-one outreach resulted in 17 extra women attending antenatal care. You also need a third group of women who receive SMS messages reminding them to attend antenatal care. Count how many of them attended. The next step is to work out how much each activity cost.

Evidence Based Nursing Practice

Make sure you take into account every cost associated with the activity, including the cost of the time that staff spend organising and implementing it. To calculate the cost-effectiveness for each activity divide the total costs by the outcome. In this example that means dividing the total cost of one-on-one outreach or SMS messages by the total number of extra pregnant women who attended antenatal care. In this fictitious example, SMS messages are more cost effective that one-on-one outreach when it comes to getting women to attend antenatal care.

This is a very basic method for doing cost-effectiveness analysis.

Using PICO to Formulate Clinical Questions

It is useful when you want to compare different activities that have exactly the same outcome in order to save money. Understand what HTA really means, the different types of HTAs across the EU and what can be expected from it — Learn the optimal HTA process and which criteria for assessment should be applied — Discover multiple solutions for optimising the quality of the evidence. You will also get course updates, personal development planning calendars etc.

Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Medicine

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Do you know what a QALY is, and how to calculate it? Therefore, the benefit of the new medicine will be counted as 0. Lieven Annemans. Next Session: November 26, in Brussels. Next Session: October , in Brussels.